Decree to facilitate science, technology activities

The Ministry of Science and Technology (MST) is drafting a Government decree that will revise and supplement some articles of the 2014 document on investment and financial mechanisms for scientific and technological activities.

The move is part of the MST’s efforts to press on with perfecting the legal corridor for promoting the development of science, technology, and innovation as Việt Nam is paying more attention to these areas.

The new decree, which will amend Decree No. 95/2014/ND-CP, will include contents related to funding for the repair and upgrade of public assets, spending on the development of scientific and technological potential, and investment in and support for the construction of technical infrastructure for science and technology organisations.

Workers produce printed circuit boards at a factory of the Korean-invested Synopex Vina2 Co. Ltd in the Yên Phong Industrial Park, Bắc Ninh province. VNA/VNS Photo

Workers produce printed circuit boards at a factory of the Korean-invested Synopex Vina2 Co. Ltd in the Yên Phong Industrial Park, Bắc Ninh province. VNA/VNS Photo

Some regulations on expenditure of State-owned science and technology organisations will also be revised. The draft will add rules on the procurement of equipment and machinery serving the organisations' regular and specialised activities.

Spending on innovation-related activities will also be stipulated, including developing start-up and innovation ecosystems, innovation centres, startup and innovation support centres and innovation networks, building governance capacity and new business and innovation models, along with training and consulting.

In 2023, Việt Nam's spending on science and technology accounted for 0.82% of the State budget’s total expenditures, including 0.23% on investment and 0.58% on regular expenditures. The rate declined from 1.01% in 2022 and 1.18% in 2017, according to the Ministry of Finance.

Minister of Science and Technology Huỳnh Thành Đạt noted there is a relatively big gap in the budget expenditure on science and technology between Việt Nam and other countries. For example, in 2017, the spending stood at 2.83% in the US, 1.96% in China, 2.6% in Singapore, and 1.25% in Malaysia.

Last year, the State Budget’s regular expenditure on science and technology totalled 12 trillion VND (over 478 million US$), comprising 8.8 trillion VND from the central budget and about 3.2 trillion VND from local budgets, he added.

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